Tyre and the Fluctuations of Phoenician Economy during the 8th Century BC
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Pascual Izquierdo-Egea • español
Abstract. By applying the contextual valuation method to the analysis of grave goods from the Phoenician cemetery of Tyre-Al Bass, Lebanon, we can isolate the economic fluctuations and social changes experienced by the Tyrian population during the 8th century BC. Based on the evidence, the mid-9th to the mid-8th century BC was a period of prosperity, with the most pronounced economic boom between 775-750 BC. In contrast, the second half of the 8th century BC shows a sharp economic crisis associated with a high level of social conflict. These results are fully consistent with the historical events known through ancient literary sources. This new example confirms the universality of this methodology and its irrefutable scientific validity.
Keywords: Tyre, Economic fluctuations, Phoenician economy, Phoenicians, Eighth century BC, Social changes, Social inequality, Conflict.
Izquierdo-Egea, P. 2014. Tiro y las fluctuaciones de la economía fenicia durante el siglo VIII antes de nuestra era. Arqueología Iberoamericana 24: 5-20. PURL:
Publication date: 10 November 2014.

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