Reassessment of the Eruptive Chronology of Italy's Vesuvius Volcano from AD 79 to 1906
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Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi, Avto Goguitchaichvili, Ligia Pérez-Cruz, Juan Morales • español
Abstract. Vesuvius Volcano, located in a densely populated area including the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and now Naples, is characterized by numerous eruptions separated by periods of quiescence. Information on the frequency and nature of this activity is critical for both volcanological and archaeological studies. Dating techniques in tandem with historical records can provide a high resolution chronology for Vesuvius’ eruption history. In this study, we analyze paleomagnetic data from 14 lava flows dating between AD 79 to 1906 using the recently developed SHA.DIF.14k geomagnetic model. We correlate the paleomagnetic directions of the flows with a new secular variation curve, resulting in a reassessment of the eruptive chronology of Vesuvius.
Keywords: Archaeomagnetism, Vesuvius Volcano, secular variation curve, eruptive chronology.
Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., A. Goguitchaichvili, L. Pérez-Cruz, J. Morales. 2016. Revaluación de la cronología de erupciones del volcán Vesubio (Italia) a partir de 79 A. D. Arqueología Iberoamericana 29: 21-27. URL: PURL:
Publication date: 3 February 2016.
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