Archaeology and Historical GIS: Interpretive Challenges of the “Itinerary” of Juan de Matienzo (1566), Hearer of the Royal Audience of Charcas
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Pablo Mignone • español
Abstract. The “Itinerario” of Juan de Matienzo, functionary of the Royal Audience of Charcas, is one of the main documents that can be used in order to reconstruct the path followed by Diego de Almagro (1536) and Diego de Rojas (1544) through the current Argentine Northwest. In that document, the author proposed a plan of continental foundations in order to facilitate and secure the connection between the Alto Peru (modern Bolivia) and the port of Buenos Aires. The antecedents in the subject sought to locate the milestones along this road, both in documents and in the field, defining two antithetic hypotheses: the “Valley Road” and the “Puna Road”. The “Valley Road” was thought to be shorter and have a more hospitable climate and environment than the “Puna Road”. Based on my own field research and new exegesis on the document, I propose the viability of the Puna Road, modeling for that purpose friction surfaces and optimal path calculation through a GIS.
Keywords: Historical GIS, conquest of America.
Mignone, P. 2013. Arqueología y SIG histórico: desafíos interpretativos del «Itinerario» del Oidor de la Real Audiencia de Charcas Juan de Matienzo (1566) a la luz de la arqueología espacial. Arqueología Iberoamericana 17: 23-32.
Publication date: 25 March 2013.

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