Fazendinha I: Discovery of a New Prehistoric Site, Preliminary Description from its Rock Inscriptions, and Conservation Problems
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Luis Carlos Duarte Cavalcante, Andrews Araújo Rodrigues • português
Abstract. The archaeological site known as Fazendinha I, discovered in 2010, is a sandstone shelter with prehistoric inscriptions located in the rural area of Piripiri, in the state of Piauí, Brazil. The rockshelter contains an exceptional collection of 141 rock paintings and 65 rock engravings. The rock paintings consist of abstract geometric graphisms, human handprints, zoomorphs (lizards and ornithomorphs), anthropomorphs and phytomorphs, painted predominantly in different tonalities of red, but also in black, orangish, wine, dark-purple, and orangish brown. The rock engravings (made by pecking; some finished by abrading) represent mainly cupules, but also abstract figures and a lizard (the only engraved animal known in all prehistoric sites of the archaeological region from Piripiri). The vast majority of the engravings were also painted. Besides the high density of rock inscriptions, there are overlaps and recurrences between the painted and engraved motifs. Vegetation, fauna, and state of conservation of the prehistoric inscriptions and rockshelter will also be discussed.
Keywords: Rock painting, Rock engraving, Prehistoric site, Fazendinha I, Archaeological heritage.
Duarte Cavalcante, L. C., A. Araújo Rodrigues. 2016.
Fazendinha I: descoberta de um novo sítio pré-histórico e descrição preliminar de suas inscrições rupestres e problemas de conservação. Arqueología Iberoamericana 30: 44-50.
Publication date: 23 May 2016.

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