Vol. 50 (2022), pp. 98–103 • 128 KB • español
On the Mechanics of the Process of Collapse of Civilizations

Pascual Izquierdo-Egea

Arqueol. Iberoam.

Thanks to advances in the “archaeology of social phenomena”, we now have four simple equations capable not only of shedding light on the mechanisms of the collapse of past and present civilizations, but also of explaining them. There are five fundamental parameters involved in this process: the available resources, the population represented, the relative wealth expressing the state of the economy, the internal social conflict, and the risk of war or external conflict. Using empirical evidence from the emblematic case of Teotihuacan, we illustrate the mechanisms that led to its final decline.

Mechanics; process; collapse; civilizations; archaeology; social phenomena.

Cite as
Izquierdo-Egea, P. 2022.
Sobre la mecánica del proceso de colapso de las civilizaciones.
Arqueología Iberoamericana 50: 98-103.

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Publication date: December 8, 2022.

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© 2022 ARQUEOLOGIA IBEROAMERICANA. ISSN 1989-4104. License CC BY 3.0 ES.
Edited & Published by Pascual Izquierdo-Egea. Graus & Pina de Ebro, Spain.
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