Vol. 52 (2023), pp. 144–152 • 978 KB
Wassef Al Sekhaneh,1,2 Holger A. Scheidt,2 Anja Penk,2 Daniel Huster 2

(1) Department of Conservation and Management of Cultural Resources, Faculty of Archaeology and Anthropology, Yarmouk University, P.O. Box 566, Irbid 21163, Jordan; (2) Institute of Medical Physics and Biophysics, Medical Faculty, Leipzig University, D-04107 Leipzig, Germany

Arqueol. Iberoam.

Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SS-NMR) and Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transformation Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy have excellent measurement performance for both organic and inorganic parts of bone or dental dentin. Solid-State Magic-Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SS-MAS-NMR) spectroscopy is an effective and constructive method for classifying samples, whether they are new or old. The objectives of this study include finding a new method for dating bone by SS-MAS-NMR and ATR-FTIR studies of old bone, supported by absolute dating of radioactive carbon isotopes. The specific objectives can be addressed by measuring the decomposition factor of the organic fraction in ancient bones and dentin in modern teeth, which are most similar to bones in terms of chemical composition, to arrive at a new time formula for the dating method. Eight old samples and one fresh tooth sample were taken for comparison. The method studied will be established as a new tool for characterizing ancient bone samples and detecting hydroxyl in bone minerals by SS-MAS-NMR.

Ancient bone; Jordan; hydroxyapatite; SS-MAS-NMR; ATR-FTIR; AMS dating; DIPSHIFT experiments; adenosine triphosphate (ATP); hydroxyproline.

Cite as
Al-Sekhaneh, W.; H. A. Scheidt; A. Penk; D. Huster. 2023. Characterization and Dating of Archaeological Excavated Human Bone from Jordan by High-Resolution 31P and 14C NMR and Fourier Transformation Infrared. Arqueología Iberoamericana 52: 144–152.

Other Persistent Identifiers

Received: October 3, 2023. Modified: November 5, 2023.
Accepted: November 19, 2023. Published: November 30, 2023.

The researchers are grateful to Yarmouk University in Jordan for financial support and to IPHT Jena (Germany), particularly to Prof. Jürgen Popp, the Director of IPHT and the Chair of Physical Chemistry at Friedrich-Schiller University Jena. We extend our heartfelt gratitude to Dr. Diya Al Fuqara for thoroughly reviewing the manuscript content. Also, many thanks to Prof. Wolfgang Kretchmer, Dr. Andreas Scharf, and K. Kritzler for AMS measurements at the Erlangen tandem accelerator.


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