Archaeomagnetic Datings in the Citadel of Teotihuacan, Sierra de las Navajas, and Xalasco
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Anuar Gabriel Terán Guerrero, Ana María Soler Arechalde, Avto Goguitchaichvili,
Cecilia Caballero-Miranda, Juan Morales, Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi • español
Abstract. The chronostratigraphic control is fundamental during any archaeological survey. Recent studies over the Americas showed that archaeomagnetism emerges as a great tool for absolute dating purposes. In this paper, we report new archaeomagnetic datings obtained from stucco floors belonging to three sites of Teotihuacan: the Citadel of Teotihuacan, Sierra de las Navajas and Xalasco, Tlaxcala. This culture developed in central Mexico from AD 1, having its greatest splendor during the 4th to 6th centuries AD. Three construction phases were sampled in the citadel of Teotihuacan: the pre-Citadel, the Pyramid of Quetzalcoatl and the terraced pyramid. The Sierra de la Navajas in Hidalgo, located 50 km from Teotihuacan, was its main supplier of obsidian. The main interest of Xalasco, Tlaxcala is that it is located on the way to the Gulf of Mexico. The use of methodology developed by Pavón-Carrasco et al. (2014) allowed to define time intervals which help to understand the occupational dynamics of these sites.
Keywords: archaeomagnetic dating, Teotihuacan, stuccos, geomagnetic secular variation.
Terán Guerrero, A. G., A. M. Soler Arechalde, A. Goguitchaichvili, C. Caballero-Miranda, J. Morales, J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi. 2016. Dataciones arqueomagnéticas en la ciudadela de Teotihuacan, Sierra de las Navajas y Xalasco. Arqueología Iberoamericana 29: 15-20.
Publication date: 25 January 2016.
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