Laboratorio de Arqueología Teórica y Arqueonomía

Advanced Social Research. Archaeology of Social Phenomena
Theoretical, Quantitative & Computational Archaeology


Enter a New Scientific Dimension.
We Do the Most Advanced Research
on Theoretical Archaeology.
The Laboratory of Theoretical Archaeology
& Archaeonomy...
is Turning Archaeology into a True Science.

I know a giant and strange hymn
which announces in the night of the soul a dawn,
and these pages are from this hymn
cadences that the air dilates in the shadows.

Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (1836-1870), “Rhymes”.
  • Archaeology is undergoing a true scientific revolution that frightens those who cling to the prevailing conservative paradigm.
  • Are you ready? The future of Archaeology as a true scientific discipline is coming here...
  • The Laboratory of Theoretical Archaeology is working hard on it.
  • We are developing the Archaeology of Social Phenomena.
  • This is a scientific revolution that is transforming Archaeology into a true science.
  • What you see here is only the tip of the iceberg...
  • What happens when you create a new science and your research is always at the forefront? The answer is easy: almost nobody is going to quote you. The prevailing system does not work in this case. It is the price to pay because we are questioning the established scientific paradigm with incontrovertible evidence.
  • However, this thunderous silence reveals the inability to refute the evidence provided, which implies a tacit recognition of these scientific discoveries.
  • When the scientific community does not recognize the obvious, it not only remains in doubt, but it discredits itself. It is then that official science stops doing true science. And those who commit such wrongdoing do not deserve any respect.
  • Processual archaeology, structuralist archaeology, Marxist archaeology? No. Archaeology can only be scientific. Is there a processual, structuralist or Marxist physics? No. It is inconceivable.
  • There is no one worse blind than he one who does not want to see.
  • The most advanced Theoretical Archaeology made today is written in Spanish. If you want to be in the forefront of this Archaeology of Social Phenomena, the true way to Archaeology as a Science, you need to know Spanish, the second most spoken language in the world. English has lost its supremacy here. Learning languages is good for your intelligence. Open your mind.
  • To deny the obvious is to deny science. So whoever does that is not a scientist. A discipline is truly scientific when it is able to formulate general laws that are fulfilled in all known cases and are based on empirical evidence whose veracity can be verified by anyone. Therefore, the archaeology of social phenomena or archaeonomy is a true nomothetic social science.
  • Negar lo evidente es negar la ciencia. Así que quien hace eso no es un científico. Una disciplina es verdaderamente científica cuando es capaz de formular leyes generales que se cumplen en todos los casos conocidos y están basadas en evidencias empíricas cuya veracidad puede comprobar cualquiera. Por eso, la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales o arqueonomía es una verdadera ciencia social nomotética.
  • The Laboratory of Theoretical Archaeology is a private scientific research center devoted to the theoretical, quantitative and computational archaeology of social phenomena.
  • It was founded in Graus, Spain, where it was established from 2014 to 2019. Since then it is based in Pina de Ebro, Zaragoza, Spain.
  • In January, 2023, it becomes the Laboratory of Theoretical Archaeology & Archaeonomy.
No one has ever come this far with so few means and everything against.
  • Discovery of economic fluctuations in ancient societies through their mortuary record (1993).
  • Economic cycles of Iberian civilization were isolated (1993).
  • It was discovered that monetary devaluations and inflationary situations can be detected and isolated from the mortuary record of ancient Rome (2010).
  • Undeniable empirical demonstration that the collapse of classical Mesoamerican civilizations was codified in the mortuary record (2014).
  • It was shown that the Argaric collapse in the Bronze Age was recorded in the grave goods (2016).
  • Evidence on the connection between thermodynamics and the archaeology of social phenomena was provided (2018-2019).
  • The fundamental law of the archaeology of social phenomena was stated (2019).
  • Nomothetic archaeology is here! Archaeology is becoming a true predictive science (2020).
  • Dr. Pascual Izquierdo-Egea
    (Scientific Researcher, Chief Editor of Arqueol. Iberoam., Spain)
  • Theoretical, Quantitative & Computational Archaeology
  • Archaeology of Social Phenomena. A new true scientific discipline.
  • Economic archaeology of grave goods.
  • Archaeology of economic fluctuations and social changes.
  • Economic fluctuations and social changes in Antiquity.
  • Measurement of internal conflict in past societies through the mortuary record.
    Archaeology of social conflict.
  • Archeology of social inequality, conflict and the level of resources available.
  • Archaeology of cultural change and urban development.
  • Archeology of the risk of collapse and war in ancient societies.
  • Thermodynamics and the Archaeology of Social Phenomena.
  • Application of the archaeology of social phenomena to current world.
  • Development of a new technique to quantify the wealth distribution through the mortuary record.
  • Monetary economics of grave goods. Isolation of currency devaluations in Roman cemeteries. Detecting inflation.
  • Development of computer applications. NECRO 2.3 statistical analysis software.
    New improved version under development: NECRO 2.4 (2022).
  • “In the absence of premeditated ideological manipulation, social phenomena are recorded in the material remains of a society” (Izquierdo-Egea 2019).
  • Thermodynamics and the archaeology of social phenomena.
  • Pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica.
    Analysis of the mortuary record of Teotihuacan and the Maya civilization.
  • Evolution of Argaric Civilization through the Mortuary Record.
  • Roman Archaeology.
    Comparative analysis of the mortuary record from Roman cemeteries in France.
  • The Collapse of Teotihuacan and its Impact on the Maya Civilization according to the Mortuary Record [El colapso de Teotihuacan y su impacto sobre la civilización maya según el registro funerario] (2023).
  • The Archaeology of Social Phenomena and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
    [La arqueología de los fenómenos sociales y la segunda ley de la termodinámica] (2024).
  • New evidence on the collapse of Teotihuacan proves that it was not a social revolution that caused its end but a military invasion that destroyed its political center.
  • The social revolution took place much earlier and originated the Teotihuacan military
    expansion throughout Mesoamerica.
BAD NEWS: Academic Archaeology Does Not Want To Be Scientific (October, 2022)
  • People talk about hard sciences and soft sciences. Within the latter is Archaeology. However, in reality, the soft sciences do not exist. They are not true nomothetic sciences. They are only idiographic disciplines.
  • The saddest and most disappointing thing is that current academic archaeology, on which many thousands of teachers and researchers live, does not want to be scientific.
  • Therefore, the archaeology of social phenomena, which is a true nomothetic science, will have to be separated from the current academic archaeology to become an independent discipline.

1991. Un programa informático para el análisis funerario en arqueología
[A Computer Program for Mortuary Analysis in Archaeology].
Complutum 1: 133-142. ISSN 1131-6993.

1993. Análisis funerario y reconstrucción histórica de las formaciones sociales íberas [Mortuary Analysis and Historical Reconstruction of Iberian Social Formations]. Doctoral dissertation. Bellaterra: Autonomous University of Barcelona.

1996-97 [2000]. Fluctuaciones económicas y cambios sociales en la protohistoria ibérica [Economic Fluctuations and Social Changes in Iberian Protohistory].
Arx 2-3: 107-138. ISSN 1137-8646.

2009. Pozo Moro y los cambios socio-económicos de la protohistoria ibérica durante los siglos V y IV antes de nuestra era (Pozo Moro and the socio-economic changes of Iberian protohistory during the 5th and 4th centuries BC). Arqueol. Iberoam. 2: 5-23. ISSN 1989-4104.

2010. Fluctuaciones económicas en la Ampurias romana de época alto-imperial (Economic fluctuations in Roman Ampurias during early imperial times). Arqueol. Iberoam. 7: 3-38. ISSN 1989-4104.

2011. Mailhac y las fluctuaciones económicas de la protohistoria ibérica arcaica (550-450 a. C.) (Mailhac and the economic fluctuations of early Iberian protohistory, 550-450 BC). Arqueol. Iberoam. 11: 3-25. ISSN 1989-4104.

2012. Economic Archaeology of Grave Goods
[Arqueología económica de los ajuares funerarios].
Advances in Archaeology 1. Graus. ISSN 2254-187X. ISBN 978-84-939589-1-6.

2012. Baelo Claudia y Pollentia: nuevas evidencias sobre las fluctuaciones económicas en la Hispania romana de los siglos I-II d. C. (Baelo Claudia and Pollentia: new evidence on the economic fluctuations in Roman Spain during the first and second centuries AD). Arqueol. Iberoam. 14: 3-16. ISSN 1989-4104.

2012. Fluctuaciones económicas en la Ampurias del siglo V antes de nuestra era (Economic fluctuations in Ampurias during the fifth century BC). Arqueol. Iberoam. 16: 3-10. ISSN 1989-4104.

2013. On the Contextual Valuation Method and the Economic Archaeology of Grave Goods.
Advanced Archaeology 1: 3-12. ISSN 2255-5455.

2013. Vaugrignon and the Economic Fluctuations of the Gauls during the Second and First Centuries BC. Arqueol. Iberoam. 20: 29-40. ISSN 1989-4104.

2014. Prehispanic Economic Fluctuations in the Balsas River Basin, Mexico.
Arqueol. Iberoam. 23: 3-30. ISSN 1989-4104.

2014. Tyre and the Fluctuations of Phoenician Economy during the 8th Century BC.
Arqueol. Iberoam. 24: 5-20. ISSN 1989-4104.

2015. A Statistical Technique to Measure Social Conflict through the Archaeological Record.
Arqueol. Iberoam. 25: 5-18. ISSN 1989-4104.

2015. The Late Classic Collapse among the Maya of Uaxactun, Guatemala and Barton Ramie, Belize according to the Mortuary Record. Arqueol. Iberoam. 27: 12-32. ISSN 1989-4104.

2016. Calculating the Available Resource Level from the Mesoamerican Mortuary Record
[Calculando el nivel de recursos disponibles a partir del registro funerario mesoamericano].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 29: 62-67. ISSN 1989-4104.

2016. Measuring Fluctuations in the Argaric Economy through the Mortuary Record
[Midiendo las fluctuaciones de la economía argárica a través del registro funerario].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 30: 77-90. ISSN 1989-4104.

2016. Monte Alban and the Classic Collapse from the Mortuary Record
[Monte Albán y el colapso clásico según el registro funerario].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 32: 52-60. ISSN 1989-4104.

2017. Fundamentos de la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales I
[Foundations of the Archaeology of Social Phenomena I].
Advances in Archaeology 3. Graus. ISSN 2254-187X.

2017. Corinth and the Fluctuations of Greek Economy during the 5th Century BC
[Corinto y las fluctuaciones de la economía griega durante el siglo V antes de nuestra era].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 36: 87-96. ISSN 1989-4104.

2018. Implementing an Index that Weighs the Impact of a Scientific Journal Based on its Early Age
[Implementando un índice que pondere el impacto de una revista científica en función de su juventud].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 37: 31-39. ISSN 1989-4104.

2018. Leslie A. White and the Objective Measurement of Human Culture Change
[Leslie A. White y la medición objetiva del cambio cultural de la humanidad].
Arqueol. Iberoam. S2: 15-18. ISSN 1989-4104.

2018. Implementing a Statistical Equation to Measure Collapse in Ancient Mesoamerica
[Implementando una ecuación estadística para medir el colapso en la antigua Mesoamérica].
Arqueol. Iberoam. S2: 23-26. ISSN 1989-4104.

2018. A Comparison between Phase Transitions and Social Conflicts Applied to the Ancient Mesoamerican Civilizations [Una comparación entre transiciones de fase y conflictos sociales aplicada a las antiguas civilizaciones mesoamericanas]. Arqueol. Iberoam. 38: 50-54. ISSN 1989-4104.

2018. Implementing a More Objective Index to Measure the Relevance and Impact of Scientific Journals
[Implementando un índice más objetivo para medir la relevancia y el impacto de las revistas científicas]. Arqueol. Iberoam. S3: 28-34. ISSN 1989-4104.

2018. A Statistical Equation to Measure the War Risk in Pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica
[Una ecuación estadística para medir el riesgo de guerra en la Mesoamérica prehispánica].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 39: 67-70. ISSN 1989-4104.

2018. Boltzmann and the Connection of Thermodynamics with the Archaeology of Social Phenomena
[Boltzmann y la conexión de la termodinámica con la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 40: 101-104. ISSN 1989-4104.

2019. A New Bibliometric Index to Measure the Impact of Scientific Production
[Un nuevo índice bibliométrico para medir el impacto de la producción científica].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 41: 41-44. ISSN 1989-4104.

2019. Measuring the Degree of Urban Development through the Mortuary Record
[Midiendo el grado de desarrollo urbano a través del registro funerario].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 42: 50-53. ISSN 1989-4104.

2019. On the Fundamental Law of the Archaeology of Social Phenomena
[Sobre la ley fundamental de la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 43: 67-70. ISSN 1989-4104.

2019. Thermodynamics and the Archaeology of Social Phenomena
[Termodinámica y arqueología de los fenómenos sociales].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 44: 80-87. ISSN 1989-4104.

2020. On the Law of Conflict in the Archaeology of Social Phenomena
[Sobre la ley de la conflictividad en la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 45: 29-34. ISSN 1989-4104.

2020. Nomothetic Archaeology: A Revolution in Progress.
Arqueol. Iberoam. 45: 101-104. ISSN 1989-4104.

2020. Social Classes in Precapitalist Societies?
[¿Clases sociales en las sociedades precapitalistas?]
Arqueol. Iberoam. 46: 111-117. ISSN 1989-4104.

2021. Teotihuacan and the Fluctuations of Mesoamerican Economy
[Teotihuacan y las fluctuaciones de la economía mesoamericana].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 47: 161-174. ISSN 1989-4104.

2021. On the Law of Collapse of Civilizations according to the Archaeology of Social Phenomena
[Sobre la ley del colapso de las civilizaciones según la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 48: 103-108. ISSN 1989-4104.

2022. A New Bibliometric Index to Measure the Scientific Relevance of Academic Journals
[Un nuevo índice bibliométrico para medir la relevancia científica de las revistas académicas].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 49: 32-35. ISSN 1989-4104.

2022. The Law of Social Inequality according to the Archaeology of Social Phenomena
[La ley de la desigualdad social según la arqueología de los fenómenos sociales].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 49: 117-120. ISSN 1989-4104.

2022. Why Will Spain Never Win a Nobel Prize in Science?
[¿Por qué España no gana ningún premio Nobel científico?].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 50: 3-4. ISSN 1989-4104.

2022. How to Improve Our World I
ResearchGate. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.27265.74085.

2022. Observing the Evolution of Argaric Civilization through the Mortuary Record
OSF Preprints. DOI: 10.31219/

2022. On the Mechanics of the Process of Collapse of Civilizations
[Sobre la mecánica del proceso de colapso de las civilizaciones].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 50: 98-103. ISSN 1989-4104.

2023. Observing the Evolution of Argaric Civilization through the Mortuary Record
[Observando la evolución de la civilización argárica a través del registro funerario].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 51: 3-8. ISSN 1989-4104.

2023. Archaeology of Social Irreversibility and Economic Crises
[Arqueología de la irreversibilidad social y las crisis económicas].
Arqueol. Iberoam. 51: 29-35. ISSN 1989-4104.

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